Changes in flavour and texture during the ripening of strawberries

Contact   Villettaz Jean-Claude
Title   Changes in flavour and texture during the ripening of strawberries
Author(s)   Azodanlou R., Darbellay Ch., Luisier J.-L., Villettaz J.-Cl., Amadò R.
References   European Food Research and Technology, 2004, 218, 167-172
Abstract   The amount of total volatile compounds, total acidity, total sugar content (degrees Brix) and fruit firmness were used to characterize the degree of ripeness of three strawberry varieties (Carezza, Darselect and Marmolada). A novel concept using solid phase microextraction (SPME) and measurement of total volatile compounds to distinguish between various stages of strawberry ripeness was applied. The carboxene/polydimethylsiloxane SPME fibre was found to be best suited to differentiate between the stages of ripeness. The amount of total volatile compounds rapidly increased near to maturity (between the three-quarters red stage and the dark-red stage). Most of the volatile compounds identified were esters, followed by aldehydes, and alcohols. The most abundant volatile compounds were propyl butanoate, 3-phenyl-1-propanol, butyl butanoate, isobutyl butanoate, 3-methyl butyl butanoate and isopropyl hexanoate. The concentration of green aroma components such as hexanal, trans-2-hexenol and cis-3-hexenyl acetate progressively decreased during the maturation process until they became minor components in mature strawberries.
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